Ziziphus jujuba (from Greek ζίζυφον, zizyfon),
commonly called jujube (/ˈdʒuːdʒuːb/; sometimes jujuba), red date, Chinese date, Korean date, or Indian date is a species of Ziziphus in the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae).
Ziziphus jujuba is thus the correct scientific name for this species.
In Vietnamese, the fruit is called "táo tàu," which translates to "Chinese apple".
southern Asia, between Lebanon, Iran, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal (called Bayar), the Korean peninsula, and southern and central China...
Jujube was domesticated in South Asia by 9000 BC.
Over 400 cultivars have been selected.
In China and Korea, a sweetened tea syrup containing jujube fruits is available in glass jars, and canned jujube tea or jujube tea in the form of teabags is also available.
jujube juice and jujube vinegar (called 枣醋 or 红枣醋)) .
a wine made from jujubes, called hong zao jiu (红枣酒) in Chinese.
pickles (কুলের আচার) in West Bengal and Bangladesh.
preserved by storing in a jar filled with baijiu (Chinese liquor, called jiu zao (酒枣; literally "alcohol jujube").
In Korea, jujubes are called daechu (대추)
and are used in Daechucha teas and samgyetang.
in India, the fruits are dried in the sun and the hard nuts are removed.
it is pounded with tamarind, red chillies, salt, and jaggery.
In Madagascar, jujube fruits are eaten fresh or dried. People also use those fruits to make jam.
In Italy there is an alcoholic syrup called brodo di giuggiole.
The fruits and seeds are used in Chinese and Korean traditional medicine, where they are believed to alleviate stress,
and traditionally for antifungal, antibacterial, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, sedative,antispastic, antifertility/ contraception, hypotensive and antinephritic, cardiotonic, antioxidant, immunostimulant, and wound healing properties.
A controlled clinical trial found the fruits helpful for chronic constipation.
Zizyphus jujuba was proved to be effective against neonatal jaundice.
In Persian traditional medicine it is used in combination with other herbal medicines to treat colds, flu and coughing.
Research implies jujube fruit has nootropic and neuroprotective properties.
The fruit, being mucilaginous, is very soothing to the throat
and decoctions of jujube have often been used in pharmacy to treat sore throats.
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 331 kJ (79 kcal)
Carbohydrates 20.23 g Protein 1.2 g
Vitamin C (83%) 69 mg
Niacin (B3) (6%) 0.9 mg
Vitamin B6 (6%) 0.081 mg
Potassium (5%) 250 mg
Vitamin A equiv. (5%) 40 μg